Best bone graft material for dental implant

Best bone graft material for dental implant

Best bone graft material for dental implant

The "best" bone graft material for dental implants depends on various factors, including the specific clinical situation, patient needs, and the surgeon's expertise. Different bone graft materials have their advantages and may be preferred in certain cases. Here are some considerations for commonly used bone graft materials:

  1. Autogenous Bone Grafts (Patient's Own Bone):
    • Advantages: Osteogenic (contains living bone cells), osteoinductive (contains growth factors), osteoconductive (provides a scaffold for new bone formation).
    • Considerations: Requires a second surgical site, associated with donor site morbidity, longer surgical time.
  2. Allografts (Donor Bone from Another Human):
    • Advantages: No need for a second surgical site, reduced morbidity compared to autogenous grafts.
    • Considerations: Potential risk of disease transmission (though rigorous screening and processing protocols are in place), may not be as osteogenic as autogenous bone.
  3. Xenografts (Bone from Animals, Usually Bovine or Porcine):
    • Advantages: No need for a second surgical site, reduced morbidity, widely available.
    • Considerations: Risk of immunogenic reactions, may not be as osteogenic as autogenous bone.
  4. Alloplasts (Synthetic Bone Graft Materials):
    • Advantages: No risk of disease transmission, no donor site morbidity, consistent quality.
    • Considerations: May not be as osteogenic as autogenous bone, and lacks living cells.
  5. Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM):
    • Advantages: Contains growth factors, osteoconductive, reduced morbidity compared to autogenous grafts.
    • Considerations: This may require supplemental materials, and variable results.

The choice of bone graft material is influenced by factors such as the amount of available bone, the need for additional growth factors, patient health, and surgical preferences. Autogenous bone grafts are often considered the gold standard when feasible due to their excellent biological properties, but they come with some drawbacks. The decision is ultimately made on a case-by-case basis, your dentist plays a crucial role in determining the most appropriate bone graft material for a specific patient. It's essential to have a thorough discussion with your dental professional to understand the options and make an informed decision based on your circumstances.


The decision to get a bone graft or not depends on the specific circumstances and requirements of a dental or medical procedure. In some cases, if you don't get a bone graft when it's recommended, there can be consequences that affect the success of certain treatments. Here are some scenarios where not getting a bone graft may have implications:

  1. Dental Implants:
    • If you're considering dental implants and there is insufficient bone volume or density at the implant site, the implant may not be stable enough to integrate properly with the surrounding bone. This can lead to implant failure or complications. A bone graft is often recommended to augment the bone at the implant site, providing a solid foundation for the implant.
  2. Tooth Extractions and Preservation:
    • After a tooth extraction, the surrounding bone may undergo a process called resorption, where it loses volume and density over time. If a bone graft is not performed to preserve or augment the bone immediately after extraction, it can result in a reduction of available bone for future dental procedures, such as implants or fixed bridges.
  3. Orthognathic (Jaw) Surgery:
    • In cases where corrective jaw surgery is necessary to address issues with the jaw's structure, a bone graft may be required to optimize the bone for surgical procedures. Without a bone graft, there may be limitations in achieving the desired corrective outcomes.
  4. Facial Trauma or Reconstruction:
    • Following facial trauma or in reconstructive surgery, a bone graft may be necessary to repair or replace damaged or missing bone. Without the graft, there may be difficulties restoring the natural form and function of the affected area.
  5. Periodontal Disease:
    • Severe periodontal (gum) disease can lead to bone loss around teeth. In some cases, bone grafting may be recommended to regenerate lost bone and support the teeth. Without intervention, continued bone loss can result in tooth mobility and eventual tooth loss.

While these are general scenarios where bone grafts are commonly recommended, the necessity of a bone graft depends on the specific circumstances of each patient.


The healing of a bone graft is a complex biological process that involves the formation of new bone tissue in the grafted area. While the body's natural healing process takes time, several strategies may help support and potentially accelerate the healing of a bone graft. It's important to note that the success of these strategies can vary from person to person, and you should always follow your dentist's or oral surgeon's recommendations. Here are some general tips:

  1. Follow Post-Operative Instructions:
    • Adhere strictly to the post-operative care instructions provided by your dental professional. This may include guidelines for oral hygiene, diet, and activity restrictions.
  2. Optimize Nutrition:
    • Maintain a well-balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals essential for bone health. Adequate intake of calcium, vitamin D, vitamin K, and phosphorus is particularly important for bone formation.
  3. Quit Smoking:
    • Smoking can negatively impact bone healing. If you smoke, consider quitting or at least reducing tobacco use during the healing period.
  4. Limit Alcohol Consumption:
    • Excessive alcohol consumption can interfere with bone healing. Moderation is key, and it may be advisable to limit alcohol intake during the recovery phase.
  5. control Blood Sugar Levels:
    • If you have diabetes, work with your healthcare team to manage and control your blood sugar levels. Elevated blood sugar levels can impair the healing process.
  6. Maintain Oral Hygiene:
    • Keep the surgical site clean to reduce the risk of infection, which can impede the healing process. Follow your dentist's recommendations for oral hygiene practices.
  7. Avoid Excessive Force or Pressure:
    • Minimize activities that put excessive force or pressure on the grafted area. This may include avoiding hard or crunchy foods and being cautious with physical activities.
  8. Use Orthopedic Devices:
    • In some cases, your dentist may recommend orthopedic devices or tools to support the graft and facilitate healing. Follow their advice on using any prescribed devices.
  9. Regular Follow-Up Visits:
    • Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your dental professional. Regular check-ups allow them to monitor your healing progress and address any concerns promptly.
  10. Consider Growth Factors:
    • In certain cases, growth factors or biologics may be used to enhance bone healing. Your dentist or oral surgeon will determine if this is appropriate for your situation.

Always consult with your dental professional before making any changes to your post-operative care or lifestyle. They can provide personalized advice based on your specific case and monitor your progress throughout the healing process.


Dr. Taner Cakmak and his professional team will help you with the best decision-making regarding your bone graft needs. It should be after your tooth extraction and dental implant. If you would like to discuss the best bone graft decision for you, please call and book an appointment 613-519-1400 Kanata South Dental team will be happy to help you.

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